Long Distance Casting in the Surf
Dial in the surf bite with rods, reels, and lures capable of reaching fish far off in the distance and in snotty conditions.
According to the chart I’d studied that afternoon at the office—at the expense of doing actual work—about 200 feet away from where I was standing, the bottom dropped sharply into a channel. “I can reach that,” I thought, while eyeing the chart’s legend and estimating the distance. But by the time I’d reached the water and saw just how far away the channel marker was, I began to doubt my long distance casting ability. My casts with eels, metal lips and light bucktail jigs fell considerably short of 200 feet, and as I prepared to leave, a boat motored up, lights off, and began drifting just off the channel edge. Though I couldn’t see the fishermen, I could hear them.
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“Look at the fishfinder!” one of them said.
“Stacked up on the edge, just like last night,” the other answered.
I sat for a while, casting occasionally, but mostly listening to the boat fishermen catch what sounded like very big stripers.
I rarely stress over casting distance when surfcasting. Even in locations like the Cape Cod Canal where big fish frequently break water 100-plus yards off the bank, many bass—many very large bass—are caught just a short lob cast off the rocks. But sometimes, the fisherman who casts farthest who catches most. Whether the bass have hunkered down on a piece of offshore structure or they are chasing around a school of baitfish, knowing how to add some yards to your cast can save your day in the surf.
Line and Line Lay
To immediately improve casting distance with every lure, rod and reel you use, downsize your line. Switching from 50- to 40-pound-test braided line sacrifices a little strength, but can add significant casting distance. Fishermen in rocky areas may be leery of changing to a thinner diameter line, but a long monofilament leader, spliced into the main line by an Albright knot, will give some added abrasion resistance against boulder-bound stripers. Some braids have a slick coating that helps the line leave the spool and shoot through the guides with less resistance.
The way the line lays on the reel also affects distance. The less friction generated as the line comes off the spool, the farther the cast will go. Several reel manufacturers have been giving the line lay more attention in recent years. Shimano’s Ultegra XTD, part of their Long Cast Surf System, lays line perfectly flat on the spool by using super slow oscillation. It takes 50 turns of the reel handle for the spool to complete one oscillation. The resulting perfectly flat line lay minimizes friction during the cast.
The designers of Van Staal’s X-Series paid particular attention to creating an even line lay, which, in addition to improving casting distance, also increases the spool’s line capacity. Regardless of what reel you use, keep the spool as close to full as you can to achieve the greatest possible casting distance.
Some reels have a long-cast spool—that is, a spool that is tall and has a large arbor that allows line to easily shoot off the easily during the cast.
Hitting the Sweet Spot
When it comes to casting distance, more important than length or action is using a rod that is rated for the lures you plan on throwing. Every rod has a “sweet spot,” a weight that it casts best. For example, my Lamiglas Infinity Surf 11 MHS comfortably casts lures from 1.5 to 5 ounces, but it casts 2.5- to 3-ounce lures the farthest. Finding your rod’s sweet spot is a matter of feel—the rod will load smoothly on the cast and the lure will take off like a rocket.
Rod length also influences distance, with longer rods generally casting farther—although I’ll argue that rod action is more important to casting distance than length. Fast-action rods that recover quickly after the cast tend to throw farther than slow-action rods.
Your own casting stroke is more important to casting distance than any equipment. As with a golf swing, technique trumps strength. Trying to overpower your cast isn’t going to send your lure 100 yards into the surf. Slow down and let the rod do the work, and you’ll see a marked increase in casting distance.
Packing for Distance
When going long for surf stripers, lure selection plays a huge part in reaching the fish. Finding a balance between a lure that casts well and makes an effective presentation for the location is the tough part. Just because the fish are far off the beach, doesn’t mean they are in deep water. Heavy, long-casting lures that sink too quickly will drag bottom or pick up weeds.
For this reason, my nighttime plug bag is heavy on needlefish when I need distance to reach the stripers. In addition to casting farther than just about any other plug, needlefish are some of the most versatile striper lures available. No matter what location or conditions you fish, there is a needlefish out there that will catch fish, from small floating models for calm waters to big fast-sinking plugs for rough seas and strong currents.
Long-distance casting stubby needlefish like the Super Strike Bullet merit extra consideration when targeting far-out fish. These lures, dressed up with feathered tail hooks, can have a wiggling, pulsing action that rivals soft plastics or bucktails, giving you the fish-attracting moves of those lures and the distance-casting benefits of a needlefish.
I always stash a few bottle plugs in the bag as well, provided I’m fishing somewhere with enough current to make them effective. Darters such as the Super Strike Zig-Zag, though not built for distance like bottle plugs, can reach offshore bass as well, and these plugs will work in moderate to slow currents. I have found that many darters tumble and lose distance when casting into a headwind.
Experimenting with long-casting lures could help you strike gold. One spring night, my friend Dave and I were casting to a current seam far off the beach where a school of bass had set up to feed. The water was shallow and the current was slow, making it the perfect place to fish 1- to 1 ½-ounce bucktails. The only problem was that the bucktails fell well short of the rip. When the onshore wind would slow momentarily, and we’d get a few extra feet on our casts, we almost always got hit within the first few turns of the retrieve. If we didn’t hook up in the first few cranks, the rest of the retrieve was over dead water. I briefly clipped on a 2-ounce bucktail, which got the distance I needed, but became immediately buried in weeds. I compensated by retrieving faster to keep the heavier jig off the bottom, but the bass weren’t interested in that. I tried bottles, darters, needles and even poppers, but the bass only wanted the jig. I was considering a move to somewhere the bass might be closer when the sound of Dave’s screaming drag made me reconsider. The fish took a long time to subdue, but Dave eventually steered it into the shallow water at his feet, all 42 pounds of it. In the mouth of the big striper was a 2-ounce bucktail, tipped with two pork rinds. The extra strip of pork slowed the bucktail’s descent just enough for it to hover in front of the big bass during Dave’s unhurried retrieve.
Choosing lures to reach far-off stripers is a little easier in the daylight. Country-mile casters like metals and pencil poppers put stripers on the beach for daytime surf-fishermen throughout the Northeast. Unless sand eels are present, I prefer wide-bodied metal lures, like a Point Jude Nautilus, Hopkins No=Eql or Acme Kastmaster that ride high in the water column and have good action. A dressed tail hook will add to the action. When sand eels move in, especially during the fall, slimmer metals like the A.O.K. T-Hex and Ava Diamond Jig, are the most productive metals.
I have a spot, where a drop-off gives up big bass any time I can get a live eel there. Unfortunately, without a stiff wind at my back and an extreme low tide that allows me to wade closer to the drop off, I can’t get an eel anywhere near the structure. Nevertheless, this spot is on my radar anytime the wind howls due west around the new or full moon. It may happen only once or twice a season, but it’s as close to a sure thing as surf fishing gets.
An offshore wind helps put offshore spots within range, especially with lures and baits that don’t cast very well—like metal lips or eels. Of course, many spots depend on an in-your-face breeze to bring in the stripers there. Sandbars usually require an onshore wind to create the white water where stripers love to feed. Under these conditions, use needlefish and metals to push through the wind and reach the fish.
17 on “Long Distance Casting in the Surf”
Ultegra is slow oscillation. 50
Aero technium is super slow oscillation 100…
THE LAST TIME I WENT SURF CASTING I GOT 3 TREBLE HOOKS IN MY RIGHT EAR . THERES NOTHING LIKE SEEING STARS AT NOON TIME AT THE CAPE.
damn lou..all 3?? really? and no pic I bet??LOL tuff one my friend
Where do you catch stripers in NS? I went to school with alot people from Nova Scotia and had no idea any of them fished. Then one day I saw on social media one them them holding a big striped bass.
I fish canada
Wear in Nova Scotia do you fish for striper’s
Great article! I have been focused on distance for the last three decades and I think you hit the important points, but I have two comments. First, 40-50 lbs?! Why on Earth would you need that weight? I challenge you to lift a 20lb dumbbell off the ground with a surf rod the way you might fight a fish. Depending on the geometry and bend of the rod, you are feeling 3-5 times the weight back at the handle. As long as you set your drag and change your line every year or two, I don’t think the typical surf caster needs more than 20lb and the increased distance is very welcome! Second, for the last 15 years I have been content with a 9 foot rod. Sure, I have longer rods in my collection but I never use them anymore. As you get older, wielding bigger rods takes too much effort and is tough on your back and shoulders. Tight lines!
Agree , I no longer throw 12” mullet w 8 oz weight with a 12’ rod in Texas . 9’ w mullet head and 4 oz weight is fine for bull reds . ( only took 40yrs to figure that out)
casting 40 lb Power Pro braid with a 11’ St.Croix Mojo Rod with virtually any Super Strike plug whether needle or bottle plug makes the lure fly through the air like a small rocket ship.
I’ve only fished for the past 10 years but in my opinion Super Strike plugs seem to effortlessly soar through the air with the smallest flick of my rod.
I do have a few kastmasters and Hopkin lures but for the most part it’s Super Strike, thing is the $20/plug price point is not so desirable whereas the aforementioned can be had for far less…
Fishing Montauk and Democrat Point, Long Island,NY
Thank you for the well written article…
No real instructions on better techniques for actually casting?
Great tips though!
Search “Distance Casting for Fish” on the Internet for excellent information.
John H Oswald
Nice article Jimmy. Like those stubby needlefish.
All this stuff is important, but they’re mostly technical details external to oneself. You want real distance with little effort? Learn about properly loading/compressing the rod and ending with a powerful “punch-pull”… and how to adapt the timing for fast rods vs. slow rods.
Just starting out on this sea fishing. I’ll stick to beach casting from the Norfolk UK coastline. Can anyone advise what strength line & method please. Bottom fishing I guess with lugworm?!!
Now that you have a terrific article on long casting reels what about rods?
If you want distance ,control and complete reliability in the salt and sand use an Allen side cast but you will need to use a rod with different ring spacings.
The reel will last you and your grandchildren a lifetime.
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