Introduction to Baitcasters

A practical guide to your first baitcasting reel.

baitcaster largemouth bass

Spinning tackle is just fine for largemouth and smallmouth bass fishing. It’s easy to handle, casts well, and its great for light or finesse presentations. But there’s a reason that every bass pro has an arsenal of baitcasters on board on tournament day. For many bass-fishing applications, baitcasters have benefits over spinning reels.

Benefits of the Baitcaster

  • Afford better line control than spinning reels, allowing for more accurate casts.
  • Allow you to slow down the lure so it softly falls into the water without spooking nearby fish, important when flipping baits into cover.
  • Allow you to maintain contact with the lure, even when the reel is in freespool, so you can detect strikes as you are letting out line.
  • Have the necessary cranking power for high-drag baits like spinnerbaits and crankbaits.
  • Better equipped to cast heavier line than spinning reels of the same size.
baitcaster smallmouth
Baitcasters are powerful reels ideal for fishing heavy cover. – photo by Tim Allard

Getting To Know Your Baitcaster

Low-profile baitcasters are a totally different animal than spinning reels or saltwater conventional reels. The latter two reels can be used right out of the box. Low-profile baitcasters require a little tweaking to get them ready to cast.
Before fishing a new reel, I spend time reading the manual to learn where all the features lie. I investigate everything—the clutch, the drag, the spool tension knob, the spool, and most importantly, the braking system.

Baitcaster Anatomy

Baitcaster Anatomy
  • Low-profile reels have a palm side and a handle side. Opposite of spinning reels, right-handed baitcasters have the handle on the right side, and left-handed baitcasters have the handle on the left side.
  • The palm side of the reel is designed to fit the contour of the hand. This comfort in hand is the primary advantage of a low-profile baitcaster over a round baitcaster. If your reel has a braking system, it will be located on the palm side of the reel.
  • The handle side of the reel contains the handle and casting control knob. Beside the handle, you will find the star drag.
  • In the center of the reel is the spool, and just behind the spool is the clutch bar, which can be depressed by the thumb to disengage the spool and let out line so you can cast. In front of the spool is the levelwind that guides line onto the spool evenly as you retrieve.

Passive and Active Braking

When casting a baitcaster, there are two forms of braking being applied to the spool. The casting control settings create the passive braking, which happens automatically during the cast. Active braking is the pressure an angler applies to the spinning spool with his thumb during the cast. Feathering the spool at just the right times will prevent the dreaded bird’s nest from forming in the spool.

Most baitcasting reels use some sort of braking system to assist the angler in combating backlash or spool overrun during the cast. Most have either a magnetized system or a centrifugal system. The braking system on most reels can be adjusted externally by way of a simple dial that controls its influence over the forward momentum of the spool. Some centrifugal braking systems do require that the palm side of the reel be opened to expose an adjustable system of weights that can be switched on and off to help control the forward momentum of the spool. These can appear quite complicated, but they are actually easy to use. The centrifugal braking system on my Shimano Curado 201E7 is nothing more than a star-shaped series of spokes that spins alongside the spool. On each of the six spokes is a plastic weight that can be turned on or off with your fingernail to increase or decrease the braking applied to the spool.

In 2018, Shimano introduced the digital control braking system for baitcasters. On the Shimano DC reels, a micro-computer inside the reel that monitors spool speed 1,000 times every second and applies just enough braking to prevent backlash while maximizing distance. Even the most educated thumb can’t do that. The Digital Control braking has four settings on the Curado DC and SLX DC. Setting 1 is for more experienced anglers or ideal conditions, allowing maximum casting distance. Each setting applies a bit more braking, up to setting 4, which is recommended for anglers just learning to bait-cast, or in backlash-prone conditions like casting into a heavy wind or skipping a bait under a dock or overhang.

It doesn’t matter how sophisticated your reel’s braking system is, some active braking will be necessary when you cast. In order to have the best results, active and passive braking will need to work together. Think of your casting control knob as a “helping hand” to your active braking, not as your sole protection against backlash and spool overrun.

Baitcasters allow you to maintain contact with the lure
Baitcasters allow you to maintain contact with the lure, even when the reel is in freespool, so you can detect strikes as you are letting out line.

Choosing The Right Baitcaster For You

The first thing to consider when choosing a baitcaster is your budget. Quality baitcasters range from $75 to $500. However, the most critical factor to consider when obtaining a baitcaster is the style of fishing you plan to do with the reel. Will you be fan-casting crankbaits and spinnerbaits over long distances, or will you be pitching and flipping jigs into heavy cover? This factor will help you determine the gear ratio of the reel. Higher gear ratios mean faster retrieve rates. One guideline for deciding on gear ratio is determining whether the reel or the rod is most important to the presentation. With lures that are cast and retrieved at a steady pace, such as spinnerbaits and crankbaits, reels with a lower gear ratio are often preferred. With lures that rely on the rod to impart action, like jigs or worms, a high-speed reel is best because it picks up line faster to retrieve the lure and make another cast to a likely area.

Low-Profile Baitcasting Reels

There are hundreds of low-profile baitcasting reels on the market, each with their own features and benefits. When looking into buying a baitcaster, you’ll want to consider the casting controls, weight and gear ratio. Here are some great reels with entry-level prices but tournament-level performance.

Shimano SLX
Shimano SLX DC baitcasting
Daiwa Tatula 100
Daiwa Tatula 100
Abu Garcia Revo X
Abu Garcia Revo X
Pflueger President XT
Pflueger President XT

Once you determine your budget and style of fishing, go to your favorite bait and tackle store and ask to see some reels. In this day and age we can order any reel we want online. However, I feel that it is important to hold the reel in your hands in order to feel how it fits in your palm. In addition, you will want to see if you are comfortable with the orientation of the reel components, such as the clutch, spool, and drag, and you will want to see the braking system in person and get an idea of how to operate it.

I find it helpful to attend the winter sportsman’s shows as most of the reel manufacturers attend these shows and display all of their newest reels, allowing you to handle them as long as you desire. The reps are more than happy to talk shop with you and will often make recommendations and share their experiences. Some shows even have baitcasting stations where you can practice pitching baits into buckets with rigged up rods and reels. Whether you choose your favorite bait and tackle shop or you choose to wait until the next fishing expo, ask a lot of questions and have fun with the process of finding a reel that is right for you.

If you are interested in adding a baitcaster to your arsenal, get out there and give it a try. It might sound like rocket science, but it’s not. It’s actually physics. Don’t get caught up in the science though, and don’t be intimidated. Practice will eventually make perfect. After a few sessions, you will find your groove and baitcasting will become second nature to you. You might even find yourself growing addicted to the rhythm of baitcasting and begin to prefer it over your spinning reels.


14 on “Introduction to Baitcasters

  1. LOU


  2. Andrew Sanchez

    Been practicing with my bait casters lately and I’m getting better all the time…

  3. Sherri Alderson

    I’m a noob to current fishing gear. This info was very informative & helpful…I’m a sponge. Mammaw taught me bass & bluegill bank fishing in the 1960s using a ZEBCO spincast. She’s passed but I have great memories & still have the rod/reel combo. 🙂

    Since retiring I’ve taken new interest in bass fishing. I purchased a KastKing baitcaster, wasn’t sure my interest would out last the sticker shock of other reels. I occassionally have the dreaded backspin but I’ve learned to patiently pick them out & try again. Thanks again & I look forward to soaking up info from other articles. #RippingLips

  4. Alex Dolly

    I think the one draw back would have to be that the reel has to be “calibrated ” to each size lure thrown.. Cant throw a 1/2 oz. lure then switch to a 1 1/2 lure then back to say a 3/8 oz. without adjusting the reel accordingly … don’t see to many Van Staal bait casters on the beach.

  5. Lee

    Besides for flipping, baitcasters were only needed for heavy mono. Braid made them obsolete

  6. FreshScott

    Such a great memory you have shared! It brought back memories of my stepdad taking me down to the Tuolumne and fishing behind the slaughterhouse with my Zebco catching catfish and getting broken off by carp. He had one of the old round baitcasters oh my gosh I’m laughing so hard even though it was so frustrating for him. He never mastered it. I’ve been using baitcasters now for about a third of my life and still have issues but I really do enjoy the Rhythm.

  7. Greg

    I have been throwing baitcasters since I was 7….
    I have not put them down for almost 50 years…my five year old has 4 shimano baitcasters and is really good.
    Learn in back yard not at lake.
    And try to side arm cast more than over head.
    Bait casters out perform spinning gear unless you are finesse fishing with 4 pound test. Yukkkkkkk

  8. Small Mouth

    Baitcasters, the most overrated piece of tech in the history of fishing

  9. Andrew

    Keep practicing. I can cast as far and more accurately with my baitcaster than my spinning reels.

  10. Benny

    I’ve been using a technique for 50 plus years that seems to work for me and others I have shared with.
    Hold your rod straight level with the ground 90 degrees to your body with the lure of your choice. Now adjust your spool tension tight and push the casting button the lure should not move then release the spool tension until the lure barely moves down. Now try a few casts you may need to fine tune depending upon casting conditions but it’s been a great starting point for me. I started fishing in 1966 we had old direct drive level winds with a patch of leather wired to the reel for the drag today seeing the evolution of the reels just amazing. And yes some people will never get it. To long casts and tight lines.

  11. Kevin

    I just got into baitcasting I got a fish 13 baitcasting reel on a Mojo musky rod for big plugs and big fish I was so frustrated when I first started I’ve been throwing it in the winter time with braids on for the last 2 months it took me a little bit by the absolutely fell in love with it it’s definitely a learning curve but the Rhythm and the quickness you can get your bait back in the water amazes me practice makes perfect

  12. pro

    To be honest all written above is not true, you can do all the same with spinning reel. Baitcasters have more disadvantages than benefits.

  13. Tam Ross

    I have only ever used a spinning rod but am considering buying a Baitcaster. A local store has an Abu Garcia Baitcaster rod and reel combo for $99. I’m worried about the learning curve and the backlash with it!

  14. Bob

    Caught my first and 2nd fish in my life using a baitcaster. Loved it. My next will also be a baitcaster.

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