Three Surf Rigs You Should Know About

Start with these three simple surf rigs and tweak the details to suit your surf scenario.

I love fishing bait in the surf. Just seeing a sand-spiked rod bend deeply toward the waves is enough to get my heart beating fast, even before I make the 5-meter dash across the sand to set the hook.

When setting out to dunk some bait in the surf, just as important as deciding which bait you’ll be throwing is deciding what kind of rig you’ll be presenting it on. There are two main options available, but you’ll need to tailor your rig to the location, the time of year and bait, and you will undoubtedly hook and land more fish.


Fish-Finder Rig

The simplest rig out there is the fish-finder rig. This rig simply consists of a leader with a hook and a barrel swivel tied to the main line behind a fish-finder weight slide. This rig is well suited for presenting large pieces of bait, because an angler can “drop back” to a biting fish and give it time to ingest the bait. Fish-finder rigs can be effective for everything from fluke to brown sharks, but you’ll want to adjust your hook size and style and your leader length to the fish you’re targeting. Remember, the longer the leader, the more wind resistance, and the less casting distance you’ll be able to achieve.

With fluke, casting distance is rarely an issue, as these fish will generally set up shop right in the breakers. I’ve seen ospreys pluck fluke out of only inches of water at the surfline. For these fish, I’ll use a long leader of about 30 inches to allow the bait to flutter and entice the hungry flatfish.

When it comes to fishing stripers, the location will determine the length of the leader. If a long cast is needed to reach the fish, leaders can be as short as 6 inches (red drum surfcasters down south fish leaders even shorter than that). This will keep the weight and the bait close together during the cast, allowing you to get the maximum distance. If the bass aren’t far from shore, leaders from 24 to 30 inches will work best. Though this isn’t always the case, I usually find myself using a longer leader with clams and a shorter leader with bunker. This is because when I’m fishing clams, I never want my bait too far beyond the breakers, because this zone is where the wave activity will naturally break up the shellfish, and bass prowling through this area are often looking for an easy meal of crushed clams. The longer leader will also allow the clam and its trailing pieces to be washed around with the swell, which is a more natural look for the bait.

This rig is well suited for presenting large pieces of bait, because an angler can “drop-back” to a biting fish. Fish-finder rigs can be effective for everything from brown sharks to fluke, but you’ll want to adjust your hook size and style and your leader length to the fish you’re targeting. Remember, the longer the leader, the more wind resistance, and the less casting distance you’ll be able to achieve.

With bunker, depending on the location, a little extra distance usually helps, so I pin the weight right on top of the bait. I find it less important for the bunker to be moving about on the bottom, especially since too much motion might cause the bait to spin, which will look unnatural and unappealing to cruising stripers.

When targeting big bluefish, wire leaders are often necessary to prevent bite-offs. With sharks, a wire leader is absolutely necessary, in conjunction with a long heavy-duty mono- filament leader to protect against the shark’s sandpaper skin.


High/Low Rig

This rig is used by anglers hoping to double their odds by presenting two hooked baits off the same rig. Unlike the fish-finder rig, where the weight is above the hook, in a high/low rig the hooks are spaced out above the weight. The obvious advantage to this rig is the ability to offer two baits at once, but the down- side is having a fixed weight. Whereas an angler using a fish-finder rig is
able to drop back to a biting fish and feed it line without having to worry about it feeling the weight, anglers fishing a high/low rig need to set the hook quickly or risk the fish dropping the bait after feeling the unnatural tension from the weight. For this reason, high/low rigs are more effective with smaller, softer baits such as clams or worms.

High/low rigs are great options for early- or late-season stripers, small bluefish or scup. Hooks will depend, of course on the species. For stripers, I like baitholder or octopus-style hooks with the clams and worms. For scup, tiny Aberdeen hooks are the ticket to presenting worms to these feisty panfish.

They also allow you the chance for a double-header, and decrease the odds of having your bait stolen. When tied properly, it should remain tangle- free. Using straight-shanked hooks, as opposed to hooks with down-turned eyes, will reduce tangling.


Whole Mullet Rig

This contraption is quite popular with anglers to our south when targeting big bluefish in the surf. The styrofoam float keeps the bait floating off the bottom, where it’s easier for fish to find, and harder for the crabs. To rig a whole mullet, remove the double hook, push the wire down the center of the bait and out the vent, then re-attach the hook. This rig is perfect for fish like bluefish that are notorious for hitting the tails of baitfish.


For more surfcasting tips and know-how, check out Surfcaster: The Ultimate Surfcasting Guide by William “Doc” Muller.



21 on “Three Surf Rigs You Should Know About

  1. Redneckangler

    Blues and stripers are in. I'll usually throw out a bait rig to soak while I cast plugs. Big baits mean big fish. Weed out the little guys!

  2. carmelo

    Iam a beginner , on fishing , in south America most people use the high low rig,one thing, when I fish on rocks, always get a lot hooks up in the rock , wonder if the webless, on fresh water , can be use for inlet fishing to aboid, losing lures, thinkers and gear. I don’t know , if casting in open beach, depends a lot in how you use the rod, length of the rod, or pound test line, well thank you. carmeo.

    1. Paul

      Try using what the British and Australians call grip leads. Americans call them Sputnik sinkers. The wire arms hold them to the bottom very well, butfold back and allow a stuck sinker to break free easily. I think these sinkers are also know as breakaway weights in Australia and New Zealand.


    High/Low Rig works in Mediterranean very well.

  4. Zach

    I will say the high low rig is the best rig for the surf in florida. Almost every cast in we hook up on really nice Margate, Croaker, and sheepshead. Also the occasional permit and red drum

  5. Alex

    On the high/low rig, what knot do you use to tie the dropper lines to the main line?

    1. Paul

      Dropper loops work well. You can also use heavy mono and crimp sleeves to attach the leaders.

  6. David

    I’ve been using the high/low rig for years……when fishing off the pier. I didn’t know it could be used in the surf as well…..until last year. I see no reason to change rigs……the high/low rig works very well in either case.

  7. Brian Tyndall

    I use the fish finder rig with great success in the surf

  8. gah9048

    Saw someone pull in a 27 inch striper off Bass River Pier and threw it back. This was after two yahoos pulled in a couple of 15 inchers and kept them!! I explained that the game wardens would not be happy but it did not matter to them. Some people do not appreciate laws or procedure.

  9. Rick

    Are there different rigs when surf fishing for high tide vs. low and choppy vs. calm waters?


  10. Greg

    I use the fish finder rig with sputnik sinkers to surf fish on the East Coast of Florida.
    I prefer using floats to get my bait off the bottom away from the &%$# crabs! I have done quite well using this method primarily using shrimp, clams, and cut bait. If the fish are there you WILL catch them using this rig. Hope this helps someone.

    1. Brian

      Thanks Greg, I’m a newbie and someone turned me on to sputnik sinkers, but I nevr thought of using them with a float. I am going to start using floats, as I do find the crabs get me all the time!

  11. Carlos

    I live in Brazil, and I am a surfcasting practitioner, I use floats looking for fish that eat on the surface, in pesachias, I would like you to help me clarify my doubts.

    I wanted to know what colors to use in floats on days: – with sun … on cloudy days … and on rainy days.

    Thank you in advance for your tips and suggestions.

    Thank you very much

  12. John D

    I wanted to know what colors and size to use in floats on days: – with sun … on cloudy days … and on rainy days. For Mullet Rigs and for Fish finder rigs to keep bait off bottom (avoid crabs).

  13. Chuck Bell

    From this, I assume I shouldn’t use a circle hook on a high/low rig. Am I correct? What about a long shank straight hook? Thanks!

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